The COP21 United Nations climate summit gathers 147 world leaders in Paris to talk about the climate change agenda and hopefully reach a consensus on a global climate partnership.
The 21st Conference of the Parties (known as COP21) takes place during November 30 – December 11, in the French capital. At the summit, representatives from more than 190 United Nations member states will discuss about a potential global climate agreement.
The agreement seeks to foster international cooperation and ambitious climate actions by every country. Due to global challenges and consequences of climate change, only a global cooperation would prevent the negative impact on different countries.
”The world has to act like a cluster to fight climate change, everyone has to get on board and contribute where they can”, says Nicolai Sederberg Rottbøll, from Quercus Group.
"Developing countries will be most affected by this as it threatens their food security. Growing crops, catching enough fish and facing extreme natural events are already preset challenges”, adds Nicolai, referring to his previous experience with projects in African and Asian countries.
The overall points on the COP21 agenda include:
avoiding the secondary effects of climate change such as extreme temperatures, severe natural disasters and average global warming above 2 degrees C. This benchmarking is considered to be the critical temperature over which tremendous catastrophes could not be managed;
better planning to support the countries already affected by climate change;
Drafting an international treaty to capture the nations’ commitment after the summit.
Doing a deal in Paris is urgent and maybe already overdue. “It’s late. It may already be to late”, said French President Francois Hollande in a recent gathering in Paris of high-ranking officials, scientists, business executives, NGOs and media.
Despite pessimism regarding concrete global objectives and commitments from various countries, there is some good news from countries prior to COP21, which leads one to hope for a greener future:
G7 countries – Canada, France, Germany, UK, Italy, Japan and US aim at zero CO2 emissions by 2100;
China struggles with air pollution and has invested heavily in hydro, wind and solar power and has installed more renewable energy, generating than any other nation.
China – US climate agreement, through which the two countries agree to move away from fossil fuels;
India and many other developing countries are turning towards solar energy and investing in alternative greener sources of energy. India aims to build 100 GW of solar capacity by 2020 from about 4 GW now and has set a target of 60 GW of installed wind power capacity by the same year
Countries and cities have put climate change on their agenda, but will there be a cluster commitment towards action or we will continue seeing isolated events to a global problem?